Medical Laboratory Technology

2014-15 Edition

Cascade Campus
Allied Health Admissions
Technology Education Building (TEB), Room 103
971-722-5667

www.pcc.edu/mlt

Career and Program Description

A medical laboratory technician performs routine clinical laboratory testing procedures to provide scientific information needed in diagnosis, prognosis and treatment of disease. Technicians use sophisticated instrumentation for these evaluations, which encompass quantitative and qualitative chemical and biological analyses of body specimens. Technicians function under the supervision of a qualified practitioner. The local metropolitan area offers very good employment opportunities and jobs are readily available in smaller communities throughout the country. Opportunities are available in hospitals, independent laboratories, research and industry for graduates of the program.

To successfully participate in the MLT Program and become employable, the student must be able to perform essential functions expected of the profession. Examples of essential functions for the MLT are communication, vision, manual dexterity, physical activity, analytical skills and technical aptitude.

Because of limited laboratory space and clinical facilities as well as the delicate balance of job opportunities in medical laboratory science, the MLT Program has a limited enrollment. The MLT Program is offered in traditional campus-based and distance learning modalities. Eligibility for entry into the first year of the program is based on completion of college courses in biology, chemistry, writing, reading and mathematics and, good oral skills communication. It is strongly recommended that applicants have completed high school chemistry, biology, algebra and English or their equivalents. Contact Allied Health admissions for information on eligibility.

Students should not interpret acceptance into the first year of the program as automatic progression to the second year of the program. Continuation into the second year is contingent upon performance during the first year. Each student entering into the second year is required to complete the student health assessment examination form provided by the MLT Department. Contact the department for any additional requirements.

Applications are accepted once a year in the winter term for fall entry. PCC's Medical Laboratory Technology program is competitive and applications are evaluated on a point system. Minimum eligibility requirements must be met in order to apply. Contact the Allied Health Admissions office for information and admission instructions.

The Medical Laboratory Program is offered in traditional campus based and distance learning modalities. Contact the department for eligibility.

The Medical Laboratory Technology Program is accredited by:
National Accrediting Agency for Clinical Laboratory Sciences (NAACLS)
5600 N. River Rd., Suite 720
Rosemont, IL 60018
773-714-8880

Degrees and Certificates Offered

Associate of Applied Science Degree

Medical Laboratory Technology

Prerequisites and Requirements

College placement tests are administered through assessment centers.

  1. Completion of WR 115 with a C grade or better or placement into WR 121.
  2. Completion of RD 115 with a C grade or better or equivalent placement test score.
  3. Completion of  MTH 95 with a C grade or better or placement into MTH 111.
  4. Completion of 100 level Biology or higher course with a C grade or better.
  5. Completion of 100 level Chemistry or higher course with a C grade or better.
  6. Passing a oral communication skill assessment.
  7. High school diploma or GED.

During the first term of the MLT Program students must show evidence of beginning the Hepatitis B immunization series or sign a waiver acknowledging the risk factors involved without the immunization. The second year of the MLT Program has additional health and immunization requirements. Please contact the department for more information.

Students are required to pass a criminal background check and urine drug screen. Contact the department office for more information.

Students planning to enroll in the MLT Program should contact the Allied Health Admissions Office for specific eligibility requirements and an appointment for a program advising session. Because of the unique responsibilities involved in the practice of clinical laboratory science, the MLT Department reserves the right to require that a student who appears to the department unsuited for clinical laboratory science be counseled into another area of study.

Students are prepared to perform routine clinical laboratory tests under the supervision of a pathologist, medical technologist or physician. The program combines on-campus instruction in fundamental principles with clinical experiences gained through rotation in clinical laboratories. The clinical laboratories affiliated with the MLT Program include Kaiser Permanente, Legacy Health System, St. Charles Medical Center, Oregon Health and Sciences University, Peace Health, Providence Health System and Asante Health System.

Students enrolled in the MLT Program will be required to use medical devices and follow safety precautions of the clinical laboratory. Students who have a health, physical or psychological problem which may affect or be affected by the use of the devices or precautions should contact the department prior to entering the program. Graduates are eligible to sit for national examinations for certification given by several agencies.

Only those students who have been officially accepted into the first year of the MLT Program may enroll in MLT 111, MLT 112 and MLT 113.

Medical Laboratory Technology AAS Degree

Minimum 103 credits. Students must also meet Associate Degree Comprehensive Requirements and Associate of Applied Science Requirements. Students must complete a total of sixteen credits of General Education. Some courses specified within the program may be used as General Education. In addition to required courses in the program of study, students must satisfy MTH 65 competency. Students should consult with program advisors for course planning.

Medical Laboratory Technology Degree Credit Summary

MLT70
BI 8
CH15
WR4
Remaining General Education 6
Total Credits103

Course of Study

The coursework listed below is required. Unforeseen changes to the curriculum outline may occur due to program, college and clinical affiliate updates and changes. The following is an example of a term-by-term breakdown.

First TermCredits
CH 104*1Allied Health Chemistry I5
MLT 111Medical Technology I4
WR 1212English Composition4
Second Term
BI 121*3Introduction to Human Anatomy & Physiology I4
CH 105*1Allied Health Chemistry II5
MLT 112Medical Technology II4
General Education3
Third Term
CH 106*1Allied Health Chemistry III5
BI 122*3Introduction to Human Anatomy & Physiology II4
MLT 113Introduction to Medical Microbiology4
General Education3
Fourth Term
MLT 221Clinical Chemistry I3
MLT 241Immunohematology I3
MLT 250Hematology4
MLT 261Bacteriology I4
MLT 2714Clinical Laboratory Practice I3
Fifth Term
MLT 222Clinical Chemistry II4
MLT 242Immunohematology II4
MLT 262Bacteriology II3
MLT 272Clinical Laboratory Practice II3
Sixth Term
MLT 223Clinical Chemistry III3
MLT 230Body Fluids3
MLT 263Medical Parasitology3
MLT 264Medical Mycology3
MLT 273Clinical Laboratory Practice III3
Seventh Term
MLT 274Clinical Laboratory Practice IV8
MLT 281Clinical Seminar4
 Total Credits: 103
*

Could be used as General Education

1

(CH 221,CH 222, CH 223) may be taken in place of chemistry requirement

2

Or a lower division collegiate writing course for which WR 121 is a prerequisite

3

(BI 211, BI 212, BI 213) or (BI 231, BI 232, BI 233) may be taken in place of biology requirement

4

Due to affiliate laboratory limitations, MLT 271 may need to be taken in the term immediately before starting second year

Courses

MLT 100. Medical Office Laboratory Orientation. 3 Credits.

Introduces clinical laboratory principles and procedures commonly performed in the physician's office setting, including specimen collection and handling, urinalysis, basic hematology, chemistry, serology, microbiology and quality control. Prerequisites: MP 111 and BI 55 or BI 122 or BI 233. Audit available.

MLT 111. Medical Technology I. 4 Credits.

Introduces the field of clinical laboratory science, including an introduction to the use and care of the microscope and other laboratory supplies and equipment, basic blood cell morphology, basic urinalysis, bloodborne pathogens, and ABO/Rh blood grouping. Prerequisite: Acceptance into first year of Medical Laboratory Technology Program. Audit available.

MLT 112. Medical Technology II. 4 Credits.

This is the second course in a sequence introducing the field of clinical laboratory science. Includes an introduction to clinical chemistry, quality control and laboratory statistics. The study of hematology, blood collection and coagulation are also included. Prerequisite: MLT 111. Audit available.

MLT 113. Introduction to Medical Microbiology. 4 Credits.

Introduces clinical bacteriology and the taxonomic approach to major human pathogens. Presents an overview of the organization and function of the clinical microbiology laboratory. Introduces basic practices of specimen processing, handling, and work-up. Stresses the development of basic skills necessary to work in the microbiology laboratory. Prerequisite: MLT 112. Audit available.

MLT 150. Lab Assistant - Phlebotomy Practicum. 7 Credits.

Covers basic laboratory assisting skills in a clinical laboratory setting. Introduces specimen processing, phlebotomy and laboratory information systems. Stresses professionalism, interpersonal skills and safety. Department permission required. Keyboarding skills recommended. Audit available.

MLT 170. Phlebotomy Practicum. 4 Credits.

Introduces the clinical laboratory and the skills to become proficient in basic phlebotomy procedures. Covers basic specimen processing and laboratory information system. Stresses professionalism, safety and interpersonal skills in the health care setting. Department permission Audit available.

MLT 221. Clinical Chemistry I. 3 Credits.

Introduces clinical chemistry and correlation of laboratory data with pathophysiology. Includes: carbohydrates; urinalysis; quality control; laboratory mathematics; and Spectrophotometry. Acceptance into the second year of the MLT Program required. Audit available.

MLT 222. Clinical Chemistry II. 4 Credits.

Introduces pathophysiology, diagnosis, and monitoring of select human diseases on an organ system basis. Includes: enzymology, acid-base balance, lipid metabolism, liver and cardiac pathophysiology, and protein metabolism. Acceptance into the second year of the MLT Program required. Audit available.

MLT 223. Clinical Chemistry III. 3 Credits.

Presents coagulation theory, tests and disease correlation; non-protein nitrogenous waste; thyroid conditions; electrolytes; toxicology and therapeutic drug monitoring; and protein electrophoresis testing principles and correlation of abnormal results with various disease states. Includes molecular diagnostic techniques and its applicability to the clinical laboratory. Acceptance into the second year of the MLT Program required. Audit available.

MLT 230. Body Fluids. 3 Credits.

Introduces the composition, testing procedures, and the clinical correlation of results for cerebrospinal, synovial, pleural, pericardial, seminal, amniotic, and peritoneal fluids. Presents laboratory mathematics, autoimmune diseases, special urine testing protocol surrounding the aminoacidurias and porphyrinurias, and fecal fat analysis and its clinical significance. Acceptance into the second year of the MLT Program required. Audit available.

MLT 241. Immunohematology I. 3 Credits.

Introduces a general understanding of basic immunology and the various antigen-antibody reactions with emphasis on agglutination reactions. Reviews and further develops knowledge and skills in the areas of the ABO and Rh blood group systems. Acceptance into the second year of the MLT Program required. Audit available.

MLT 242. Immunohematology II. 4 Credits.

Presents and discusses ABO subgroups and blood group systems other than ABO and Rh, testing methods, Hemolytic Disease of the Newborn, donor selection, blood components, anticoagulants, and transfusion reactions. Discusses principles involved in various serologic tests. Acceptance into the second year of the MLT Program required. Audit available.

MLT 250. Hematology. 4 Credits.

Introduces and develops knowledge and skills in the areas of hemoglobin, hematocrit, blood cell counts and blood cell morphology. Presents abnormalities, anomalies, and conditions affecting red cell blood cells and white blood cells. Introduces principles of automated instrumentation and application of flow cytometry to hematology are also presented. Acceptance into the second year of the MLT Program required. Audit available.

MLT 261. Bacteriology I. 4 Credits.

Introduces basic practices and principles of clinical bacteriology, focusing on pathogenic bacteria encountered in the blood, central nervous system, and genitourinary tract. Applies common algorithms used for identification of clinically significant pathogens. Introduces principles and procedures of molecular diagnostic techniques and its applicability to the clinical laboratory. Acceptance into the second year of the MLT Program required. Audit available.

MLT 262. Bacteriology II. 3 Credits.

Discusses practices and principles of clinical bacteriology, focusing on pathogenic bacteria encountered in the gastrointestinal and respiratory tracts, soft and solid tissues, and infections of special patient populations. Applies common algorithms used for identification of clinically significant pathogens. Introduces current molecular techniques used for identification and expands on concepts of antimicrobial testing and therapy. Acceptance into the second year of the MLT Program required. Audit available.

MLT 263. Medical Parasitology. 3 Credits.

Introduces the field of medical parasitology. Identifies characteristics, life cycles, pathogenicity, and testing methods for various relevant organisms. Acceptance into the second year of the MLT Program required. Audit available.

MLT 264. Medical Mycology. 3 Credits.

Introduces the field of medical mycology. Focuses on the clinically significant fungi and covers specimen processing and diagnostic procedures for the cultivation and identification of fungal pathogens. Acceptance into the second year of the MLT Program required. Audit available.

MLT 271. Clinical Laboratory Practice I. 3 Credits.

Students are assigned to various clinical laboratories to become familiar with their organization and operation. Students also gain insight into how the clinical laboratory practitioner relates to the entire medical team and to the community. Students gain experience in dealing with patients and in performing procedures required of a laboratory technician. Prerequisite: Acceptance into the second year of the MLT Program. Audit available.

MLT 272. Clinical Laboratory Practice II. 3 Credits.

Students are assigned to various clinical laboratories to become familiar with their organization and operation. Students also gain insight into how the clinical laboratory practitioner relates to the entire medical team and to the community. Students gain experience in dealing with patients and in performing procedures required of a laboratory technician. Prerequisite: Acceptance into the second year of the MLT Program. Audit available.

MLT 273. Clinical Laboratory Practice III. 3 Credits.

Students are assigned to various clinical laboratories to become familiar with their organization and operation. Students also gain insight into how the clinical laboratory practitioner relates to the entire medical team and to the community. Students gain experience in dealing with patients and in performing procedures required of a laboratory technician. Prerequisite: Acceptance into the second year of the MLT Program. Audit available.

MLT 274. Clinical Laboratory Practice IV. 8 Credits.

Students are assigned to various clinical laboratories to become familiar with organization and operation. Students also gain insight into how the clinical laboratory practitioners relates to the entire medical team and to the community. Students gain experience with patients and in performing procedures required of a laboratory technician. Prerequisite: Acceptance into the second year of the MLT Program. Audit available.

MLT 281. Clinical Seminar. 4 Credits.

Introduces new concepts in clinical laboratory medicine. Introduces professional issues in preparation for certification examinations. Explores techniques for writing standard operating procedures. Acceptance into second year of MLT Program required. Audit available.