Medical Imaging

2014-15 Edition

Sylvania Campus
Health Technology Building (HT), Room 306
971-722-4227, 971-722-4795

www.pcc.edu/rad

Career and Program Description

Radiography Program

Radiographers are important members of the health care team and work closely with physicians and particularly with radiologists. The radiographer is primarily concerned with providing diagnostic radiographic images (x-rays) of disease and injury and assisting in patient care. The radiographer may be employed in hospitals, clinics and medical offices.

Radiography graduates may apply to take the national certification examination offered by the American Registry of Radiologic Technologists (ARRT) and for licensure as a radiographer in the state of Oregon. Students are required to satisfactorily complete the course of study with a C or better in each required course and must maintain an overall grade point average of 2.0 for graduation.

PCC’s program begins each June with an introductory course. The Radiography Program is nine terms in length (27 consecutive months). The program combines campus instruction with clinical education at affiliated hospitals in the Portland area. This program is designed to prepare the student for certification as a Registered Technologist in Radiography, R.T. (R).

CT Technologist Training Program

CT Technologists are important members of the health care team and work closely with Radiologists to produce diagnostic CT images. Computed Tomography requires additional training beyond the primary certification earned in Radiography. Nuclear Medicine Technologists who will perform PET/CT may enroll in this program, which meets the State of Oregon requirements for CT Training.

The CT Technologist Training Program is four terms in length (12 consecutive months). The program combines campus instruction with clinical education at affiliated hospitals. Students are required to satisfactorily complete the course of study with a C or better in each didactic course and a B or better in the clinical courses. Upon completion of this program, students will be qualified to sit for the national CT certification examination offered by the American Registry of Radiologic Technologists (ARRT).

Special admission required for registration. Applicants must be registry eligible or currently registered, in good standing, in Radiography or Nuclear Medicine to apply to the program. Acceptance into the program is based on clinical seat availability which varies from year to year.

MRI Technologist Training Program

MRI Technologists are important members of the health care team and work closely with Radiologists to produce diagnostic MR images. Magnetic Resonance Imaging requires additional training beyond the primary certification earned in Radiography, Nuclear Medicine, Ultrasound or Radiation Therapy. Upon completion of this program, students will be qualified to sit for the national MRI Certification examination offered by the American Registry of Radiologic Technologists (ARRT). Students are required to satisfactorily complete the course of study with a C or better in each required course.

The MRI Technologist Training Program is three terms in length (9 consecutive months). The program combines campus instruction with clinical education at affiliated hospitals. Applicants must be a Registered Radiologic Technologist ARRT(R), Registered Nuclear Medicine Technologist ARRT(N) or (CNMT), Registered Radiation Therapy Technologist ARRT(T) or Registered Medical Sonographer (RDMS) in good standing with one-year experience preferred. Technologists with less than one year experience may be admitted with Director permission. Refer to College catalog for program curriculum

Medical Imaging Continuing Education Courses

College credit courses are available to A.R.R.T certified technologists for updating and re-entry knowledge and skills. See the Medical Imaging website for specific offerings each term. Special admission required for registration. Contact the Medical Imaging department for information at 971-722-4227.

Degrees and Certificates Offered

Associate of Applied Science Degree

Radiography

Less than One-Year Certificate

Computed Tomography
Magnetic Resonance Imaging

Prerequisites and Requirements

Radiography Program

All program applicants must have a high school diploma or a GED certificate. In addition, all applicants will be required to have satisfactorily (C grade minimum) completed WR 121, MTH 111, BI 231, BI 232 and BI 233, MP 111 or the equivalent. Pass/No Pass grade is not acceptable in prerequisites. The Radiography Program does not require a computer science prerequisite; however, success in a Radiography Program requires that students be computer literate, including, at least, word processing, use of spreadsheets and web searches. Students with no computer experience should discuss with an advisor ways to achieve competency prior to entering the Radiography Program. BI 231, BI 232, BI 233 and MTH 111 must be current within seven years of application. All prerequisites must be completed by end of winter term in the year in which you apply.

Potential applicants are encouraged but not required to gain health care experience by volunteering or working in the health care industry, preferably in a hospital setting to gain knowledge of professional duties and responsibilities.

The Radiography Program is a limited entry program with restricted enrollment. Completing admission requirements and applying to the program does not guarantee admission.

For specific application procedures contact the Health Admissions Office. Applications are accepted February 1 through the first Monday in April. During April and May the top applicants will be assigned to clinical affiliates for observation and interviews with clinical instructors. Selection will occur in late May. A brief orientation meeting will be held in late June. All students must be formally admitted in order to enroll in the radiography courses. Other enrollees must have program permission.

Once accepted to the program, students will be required to submit to a criminal background check and a drug screen for their clinical practicum. Students must be able to provide a valid Social Security number for the criminal background check. Proof of immunizations will also be required. For a complete listing of required immunizations, please visit our website at www.pcc.edu/rad.

During the course of the program students will be working with ionizing radiation, processing chemicals and they will provide patient care to individuals who may have contagious diseases. Special immunization is required.

CT Technologist Training Program

Applicants must be registry eligible or currently registered, in good standing, in Radiography ARRT(R) or Nuclear Medicine ARRT(N) or (CNMT) to apply to the program.

The CT Technologist Training Program is a limited entry program with restricted enrollment. Completing admission requirements and applying to the program does not guarantee admission. Applications for admission are accepted August 1st through the 2nd Friday in September, by 5:00 p.m. Applications can be mailed to the Health Admissions Office in HT 205, phone 971-722-4908. All students must be formally admitted in order to enroll in the Computed Tomography courses. Other enrollees must have program permission.

Once accepted to the program, students will be required to submit to a criminal background check and a drug screen for their clinical practicum. Students must be able to provide a valid Social Security Number for the criminal background check. Proof of immunizations may also be required. For a complete list of required immunizations, please visit the Medical Imaging website.

MRI Technologist Training Program

Applicants must be a Registered Radiologic Technologist ARRT(R), Registered Nuclear Medicine Technologist ARRT(N) or (CNMT), Registered Radiation Therapy Technologist ARRT(T) or Registered Medical Sonographer (RDMS) in good standing with one-year experience preferred. Technologists with less than one year experience may be admitted with Director permission.

The MRI Technologist training program is a limited entry program with restricted enrollment. Completing admission requirements and applying to the program does not guarantee admission. Applications for admission are accepted March 1st through the 2nd Friday in April, by 5:00 p.m. Applications can be mailed to the Health Admissions Office in HT 205, phone 971-722-4908.

Once accepted to the program, students will be required to submit to a criminal background check and a drug screen for their clinical practicum. Students must be able to provide a valid Social Security Number for the criminal background check. Proof of immunizations may also be required. For a complete list of required immunizations, please visit the Medical Imaging website.

Radiography AAS Degree

Minimum 119 credits. Students must also meet Associate Degree Comprehensive Requirements and Associate of Applied Science Requirements. Students must complete a total of sixteen credits of General Education. In addition to required courses in the program of study, students must satisfy MTH 65 competency. Students should consult with program advisors for course planning.

Radiography Degree Credit Summary

RAD102
HE1
General Education16
Total Credits119

Course of Study

The coursework listed below is required. The following is an example of a term-by-term breakdown.

Summer TermCredits
RAD 100Introduction to Radiology2
First Term
RAD 101Radiographic Positioning I3
RAD 105Methods of Patient Care3
RAD 106Radiographic Equipment I4
RAD 110Radiographic Clinic I4
HE 110CPR/AED for Professional Rescuers and Health Care Providers1
Second Term
RAD 102Radiographic Positioning II3
RAD 107Radiographic Equipment II4
RAD 115Principles of Exposure I3
RAD 120Radiographic Clinic II4.5
Third Term
RAD 103Radiographic Positioning III3
RAD 122Radiation Protection - Biology3
RAD 130Radiographic Clinic III4.5
RAD 132Radiographic Image Production3
General Education4
Fourth Term
RAD 140Radiographic Clinic IV10
General Education4
Fifth Term
RAD 203Applied Radiography Topics2
RAD 209Advanced Radiological Procedures2
RAD 210Radiographic Clinic V6.5
RAD 215Principles of Exposure II3
General Education4
Sixth Term
RAD 205Radiographic Positioning V3
RAD 211Advanced Imaging Modalities4
RAD 220Radiographic Clinic VI6.5
General Education4
Seventh Term
RAD 206Survey of Medical Imaging Diseases3
RAD 230Radiographic Clinic VII9
Eighth Term
RAD 240Radiographic Clinic VIII7
RAD 216Radiography Registry Review2
 Total Credits: 119

Less than One-Year Certificate

Computed Tomography
Magnetic Resonance Imaging

Computed Tomography Less Than One-Year Certificate

Minimum 19 credits. Students must meet certificate requirements.

Computed Tomography Certificate Credit Summary

CTT19
Total Credits19

Course of Study

The coursework listed below is required. The following is an example of a term-by-term breakdown.

First TermCredits
CTT 101Cross-Sectional Anatomy-Abdomen & Pelvis1
CTT 102Cross-Sectional Anatomy- Head & Spine1
CTT 111CT Physics, Equipment and Instrumentation2
Second Term
CTT 103Cross-Sectional Anatomy - Neck & Thorax1
CTT 104Cross Sectional Anatomy Review1
CTT 112CT Procedures, Protocols and Pathology Correlation2
Third Term
CTT 271CT Clinical Education I5
Fourth Term
CTT 113CT Registry Review1
CTT 272CT Clinical II5
 Total Credits: 19

Magnetic Resonance Imaging Less Than One Year Certificate

Minimum 32 credits. Students must meet certificate requirements.

Magnetic Resonance Imaging Certificate Credit Summary

MRI32
Total Credits32

Course of Study

The coursework listed below is required. The following is an example of a term-by-term breakdown.

First TermCredits
MRI 101MRI Physics I - Principles, Equipment & Safety2
MRI 111MRI Cross-Sectional Anatomy I2
MRI 271MRI Clinical I6
Second Term
MRI 102MRI Physics II - Advanced Principles2
MRI 112MRI Cross-Sectional Anatomy II1
MRI 272MRI Clinical II8
Third Term
MRI 130MRI Imaging Procedures and Diagnosis2
MRI 140MRI Registry Review1
MRI 273MRI Clinical III8
 Total Credits: 32

Computed Tomography

CTT 101. Cross-Sectional Anatomy-Abdomen & Pelvis. 1 Credit.

Introduces the normal appearance of anatomical structures in normal planes. Enables student to differentiate between normal anatomical structures and abnormalities. Designed for graduate technologists or senior radiography students. ARRT certification or department permission required.

CTT 102. Cross-Sectional Anatomy- Head & Spine. 1 Credit.

Introduces the normal appearance of anatomical structures in multiple planes. Enables student to differentiate between normal anatomical structures and abnormalities. Designed for graduate technologists or senior radiography students. ARRT certification or department permission required.

CTT 103. Cross-Sectional Anatomy - Neck & Thorax. 1 Credit.

Introduces the normal appearance of anatomical structures in multiple planes. Enables student to differentiate between normal anatomical structures and abnormalities. Designed for graduate technologists or senior radiography students. ARRT certification or department permission required.

CTT 104. Cross Sectional Anatomy Review. 1 Credit.

Provides a comprehensive review of cross sectional anatomy of all body systems, review of anatomical landmarks and an understanding of normal versus abnormal anatomy and is a hybrid course – both classroom and on-line components. May be taken two times for credit. Department permission required. Prerequisites: CTT 103 or equivalent.

CTT 111. CT Physics, Equipment and Instrumentation. 2 Credits.

Introduces Computed Tomography theory and application, patient care, CT safety, imaging procedures, data acquisition and processing and the physical principles of image formation. Prerequisite: Department permission required.

CTT 112. CT Procedures, Protocols and Pathology Correlation. 2 Credits.

Emphasizes CT Protocol development, comparison of CT parameters, parameter tradeoffs, normal vs abnormal anatomy visualization and contrast media utilization. Prerequisite: Department permission required.

CTT 113. CT Registry Review. 1 Credit.

Provides a comprehensive review of patient care, imaging procedures, data acquisition and processing and physical principles of image formation for Computed Tomography. Prerequisites: RAD 254 or CTT 111 AND RAD 255 or CTT 112 or department permission.

CTT 271. CT Clinical Education I. 5 Credits.

Provides clinical education experience in an affiliated hospital or clinical CT department under the direct supervision of a registered technologist and radiologist. Includes the application of equipment use, manipulation and operation, CT imaging procedures, CT radiation safety and patient care. Requires attendance and clinical competencies, objectives, and performance assessments. Teaches skills that are required to function in the clinical area as a CT technologist, with a professional work ethic. May be repeated one time for credit. Prerequisite: (RAD 251 or CTT 103), (RAD 252 or CTT 101), RAD 253, and (RAD 254 or CTT 111).

CTT 272. CT Clinical II. 5 Credits.

Provides intermediate and advanced clinical education experience in an affiliated hospital CT imaging department under the supervision of a credentialed CT technologist and radiologist. Includes application of equipment manipulation and operation, CT imaging procedures, radiation safety, medicolegal and ethical protocols, record keeping and patient care. Requires attendance and completion of clinical competencies, objectives, and performance assessments. Teaches the necessary skills that are required to function in the clinical area as a CT technologist, with a professional work ethic. May be repeated one time for credit. Prerequisite: CTT 271 or RAD270.

Magnetic Resonance Imaging

MRI 101. MRI Physics I - Principles, Equipment & Safety. 2 Credits.

Introduces Magnetic Resonance Imaging theory and application, patient care, MR safety, Imaging procedures, data acquisition and processing and the physical principles of image formation. Department permission is required.

MRI 102. MRI Physics II - Advanced Principles. 2 Credits.

Continues Magnetic Resonance Imaging theory and application, patient care, MR safety, imaging procedures, data acquisition and processing and the physical principles of image formation. Department permission required. Prerequisite: MRI 101.

MRI 111. MRI Cross-Sectional Anatomy I. 2 Credits.

Introduces the normal appearance of anatomical structures of the head, soft tissue neck, spine and lower extremity in normal planes. Enables students to differentiate between normal and abnormal anatomical structures. Primary focus is MR appearance of anatomy but includes correlation with anatomical drawings and CT anatomy. Department permission is required.

MRI 112. MRI Cross-Sectional Anatomy II. 1 Credit.

Introduces the normal appearance of anatomical structures of the upper extremity, chest, abdomen and pelvis in normal planes. Enables students to differentiate between normal and abnormal anatomical structures. Primary focus is MR appearance of anatomy but includes correlation with anatomical drawings and CT anatomy. Department permission required. Prerequisite: MRI 111.

MRI 130. MRI Imaging Procedures and Diagnosis. 2 Credits.

Correlates and compares the normal appearance of anatomy in all body sections with pathologic findings. Discussion to include comparisons of T1 vs T2 imaging techniques as they correlate to imaging protocols and diagnosis. The pathology section of the course is designed to give the student an in depth consideration of disease processes. Special equipment, fat suppression and coil considerations will be discussed in all sections. The role of contrast agents in diagnosis will be discussed in all sections. Department permission required. Prerequisite: MRI 102, MRI 112, MRI 272.

MRI 140. MRI Registry Review. 1 Credit.

Provides a comprehensive review of patient care, imaging procedures, data acquisition and processing and physical principles of image formation for magnetic resonance imaging. Department permission required. Prerequisite: MRI 102, MRI 112, and MRI 272.

MRI 271. MRI Clinical I. 6 Credits.

Provides clinical education experience in an affiliated hospital Magnetic Resonance Imaging Department under the supervision of a Registered MR Technologist and Radiologist. Includes application of equipment manipulation and operation, MR imaging procedures, MR safety, medicolegal and ethical protocol, record keeping and patient care. Requires clinical competencies, objectives, performance assessment and attendance. The student will learn the necessary skills that are required to function in the clinical area as a MR Technologist and will develop and exhibit proper professional work ethic. Department permission required.

MRI 272. MRI Clinical II. 8 Credits.

Provides intermediate clinical education experience in an affiliated hospital Magnetic Resonance Imaging Department under the supervision of a Registered MR Technologist and Radiologist. Includes application of equipment manipulation and operation, MR imaging procedures, MR safety, medicolegal and ethical protocol, record keeping and patient care. Requires clinical competencies, objectives, performance assessments and attendance. The student will learn the necessary skills that are required to function in the clinical area as a MR Technologist, and will develop and exhibit proper professional work ethic. Department permission required. Prerequisite: MRI 271 or MRI121.

MRI 273. MRI Clinical III. 8 Credits.

Provides advanced clinical education experience in an affiliated hospital Magnetic Resonance Imaging Department under the supervision of a Registered MR Technologist and Radiologist. Includes application of equipment manipulation and operation, understanding and application of imaging parameters, MR safety, medicolegal and ethical protocols, record keeping and patient care. Requires clinical competencies, objectives, performance assessments and attendance. The student will learn the necessary skills required to function independently in the clinical area as a MR Technologist, and will develop and exhibit proper professional work ethic. Department permission is required. Prerequisite: MRI 272 or MRI122.

Radiography

RAD 100. Introduction to Radiology. 2 Credits.

Introduces the health care team and various aspects of radiological sciences. Includes medical ethics, professional organizations, medicolegal considerations, communication, cultural diversity, basic radiation protection, fundamental technical components, radiological history, health care organizations and medical specialties. Department permission required.

RAD 101. Radiographic Positioning I. 3 Credits.

Introduces basic positioning techniques used in radiography of the respiratory system, abdomen, upper and lower extremities. Lab includes peer positioning, film critique, anatomical identification, pathologies and an energized section using phantoms. Department permission required.

RAD 102. Radiographic Positioning II. 3 Credits.

Basic positioning techniques used in radiography of the digestive system, urinary system and continuation of the upper and lower extremities. Lab includes peer positioning, film critique, anatomical identification, pathologies and an energized section using phantoms. Department permission required. Prerequisite: RAD 101.

RAD 103. Radiographic Positioning III. 3 Credits.

Basic positioning techniques used in radiography of the bony thorax, spinal column and pelvic girdle. Lab includes peer positioning, film critique, anatomical identification, pathologies and an energized section using phantoms. Department permission required. Prerequisite: RAD 102.

RAD 105. Methods of Patient Care. 3 Credits.

Covers general care of patients in radiology department. Emphasizes radiographer's role regarding patient care with cardiac arrest, vital signs, accident victims, bedside procedures, aseptic techniques, contagious disease control, blood borne pathogens, venipuncture, administration of medication and contrast media reactions. Introduces fundamentals of urinary catheterization. Lab provides application of theory. Department permission required.

RAD 106. Radiographic Equipment I. 4 Credits.

Covers fundamental concepts of energy and measurements, atomic structures, molecules, electricity, magnetism, electromagnetism, transformers, and rectifiers. Department permission required.

RAD 107. Radiographic Equipment II. 4 Credits.

Covers generators, timers, x- ray tubes, recording devices, physiology of sight, image intensifiers, television camera/monitors, digital radiography, mobile radiography and fluoroscopic equipment, tomography and teleradiography. Department permission required. Prerequisite: RAD 106.

RAD 107C. Principles of Fluoroscopy. 1 Credit.

Covers the state of Oregon fluoroscopy education requirements on operation of the equipment. Designed as an update for physicians or radiographers and to satisfy the Oregon Radiation Protection Services rules for fluoroscopy. Department permission required.

RAD 110. Radiographic Clinic I. 4 Credits.

Provides clinical education experience in an affiliated hospital radiology department under the supervision of a registered radiographer and radiologist. Includes application of equipment manipulation and operation, radiological imaging procedures, radiation protection, medicolegal and ethical protocol, record keeping and patient care. Requires clinical competencies, objectives, performance assessment and attendance. Department permission required.

RAD 115. Principles of Exposure I. 3 Credits.

Covers production and control of scattered radiation, stereo radiography, grid technique, filtration, half value layer, magnification, contrast and density principles. Lab includes application of theories using energized equipment and test tools. Department permission required. Prerequisite: RAD 106.

RAD 120. Radiographic Clinic II. 4.5 Credits.

Provides clinical education experience in an affiliated hospital radiology department under the supervision of a registered radiographer and radiologist. Includes application of equipment manipulation and operation, radiological imaging procedures, radiation protection, medicolegal and ethical protocol, recordkeeping and patient care. Requires clinical competencies, objectives, performance assessment and attendance. Department permission required. Prerequisite: RAD 110.

RAD 122. Radiation Protection - Biology. 3 Credits.

Introduces biological effects of ionizing radiation and application of principles to minimize the risks of man-made radiation. Examines standards and requirements determined by government guidelines. Department permission required. Prerequisite: RAD 106.

RAD 130. Radiographic Clinic III. 4.5 Credits.

Provides clinical education experience in an affiliated hospital radiology department under the supervision of a registered radiographer and radiologist. Includes application of equipment manipulation and operation, radiological imaging procedures, radiation protection, medicolegal and ethical protocol, recordkeeping and patient care. Requires clinical competencies, objectives, performance assessment and attendance. Department permission required. Prerequisite: RAD 120.

RAD 132. Radiographic Image Production. 3 Credits.

Introduces theory and practical application of film/screen systems, sensitometry, image formation, automatic film processing, subtraction/duplication, computed radiography and quality assurance. Lab includes using test tools with energized equipment. Department permission required. Prerequisite: RAD 115.

RAD 140. Radiographic Clinic IV. 10 Credits.

Provides clinical education experience in an affiliated hospital radiology department under the supervision of a registered radiographer and radiologist. Includes application of equipment manipulation and operation, radiological imaging procedures, radiation protection, medicolegal and ethical protocol, recordkeeping and patient care. Requires clinical competencies, objectives, performance assessment and attendance. Department permission required. Prerequisite: RAD 130.

RAD 203. Applied Radiography Topics. 2 Credits.

Examines legal principles in radiography by looking at a variety of topics related to medical/professional ethics. Discussions will include the code of ethics and bioethical issues in radiography. Also covered will be the attitudes and communication knowledge needed to develop critical thinking skills in patient care. Prerequisite: RAD 140.

RAD 205. Radiographic Positioning V. 3 Credits.

Covers basic positioning of the skull, paranasal sinuses, facial bones, temporal bone, mastoids and mandible. Lab includes peer positioning, film critique, anatomical identification, pathologies and energized imaging with the use of phantoms. Department permission required. Prerequisite: RAD 103.

RAD 206. Survey of Medical Imaging Diseases. 3 Credits.

Covers basic principles and processes of disease, characteristics of neoplasms and systems with related disease as it applies to the radiological science imaging. Department permission required.

RAD 209. Advanced Radiological Procedures. 2 Credits.

Covers contrast media, fluoroscopic exams and special procedures involving the following systems: CNS, biliary, mammary, female reproductive, respiratory, pancreatic and salivary. Also covers techniques and equipment used to catheterize the vascular system, indications for various vascular procedures, contrast agents used for specific procedures and selective vascular anatomy. Department permission required. Prerequisite: RAD 105.

RAD 210. Radiographic Clinic V. 6.5 Credits.

Provides clinical education experience in an affiliated hospital radiology department under the supervision of a registered radiographer and radiologist. Includes application of equipment manipulation and operation, radiological imaging procedures, radiation protection, medicolegal and ethical protocol, recordkeeping and patient care. Requires clinical competencies, objectives, performance assessment and attendance. Department permission required. Prerequisite: RAD 140.

RAD 211. Advanced Imaging Modalities. 4 Credits.

Builds on information from previous radiation physics courses in the series. Introduces computed tomography, magnetic resonance, nuclear medicine, sonography and radiation therapy. Department permission required. Prerequisite: RAD 107.

RAD 215. Principles of Exposure II. 3 Credits.

Introduces theory and application of inverse square law, distortion, radiographic quality, technique conversion factors, formulation of technique charts, and quality assurance. Lab includes use of energized equipment and test tools. Department permission required. Prerequisite: RAD 132.

RAD 216. Radiography Registry Review. 2 Credits.

Provides review of the major content areas appearing in the national certification examination. Requires class participation, review of radiation protection, equipment operation and maintenance, image production and evaluation, radiographic procedures and patient care. Students must demonstrate an understanding of these subjects by successful completion of unit examinations and at least one mock registry examination.

RAD 220. Radiographic Clinic VI. 6.5 Credits.

Provides clinical education experience in an affiliated hospital radiology department under the supervision of a registered radiographer and radiologist. Includes application of equipment manipulation and operation, radiological imaging procedures, radiation protection, medicolegal and ethical protocol, record keeping and patient care. Requires clinical competencies, objectives, performance assessment and attendance. Department permission required. Prerequisite: RAD 210.

RAD 230. Radiographic Clinic VII. 9 Credits.

Provides clinical education experience in an affiliated hospital radiology department under the supervision of registered radiographer and radiologist. Includes application of equipment manipulation and operation, radiological imaging procedures, radiation protection, medicolegal and ethical protocol, recordkeeping, and patient care. Requires clinical competencies, objectives, performance assessment and attendance. Department permission required. Prerequisite: RAD 220.

RAD 240. Radiographic Clinic VIII. 7 Credits.

Provides clinical education experience in affiliated hospital radiology department under supervision of registered radiographer and radiologist. Includes application of equipment manipulation and operation, imaging radiological procedures, radiation protection and patient care. Requires clinical competencies, completion of clinical objectives, clinical assessments, attendance and terminal clinical competencies in radiological imaging. Department permission required. Prerequisite: RAD 230.

RAD 251. Sectional Anatomy - Neck/Thorax. 1 Credit.

Introduces the normal appearance of anatomical structures in multiple planes. Enables student to differentiate between normal anatomical structures and abnormalities. Designed for graduate technologists or senior radiography students. ARRT certification or department permission required.

RAD 252. Sectional Anatomy - Abdomen/Pelvis. 1 Credit.

Introduces the normal appearance of anatomical structures in normal planes. Enables student to differentiate between normal anatomical structures and abnormalities. Designed for graduate technologists or senior radiography students. ARRT certification or department permission required.

RAD 253. Sectional Anatomy - Head/Spine. 1 Credit.

Introduces the normal appearance of anatomical structures in multiple planes. Enables student to differentiate between normal anatomical structures and abnormalities. Designed for graduate technologists or senior radiography students. ARRT certification or department permission required.

RAD 254. CT Physics, Equipment and Instrumentation. 2 Credits.

Introduces Computed Tomography theory and application, patient care, CT safety, imaging procedures, data acquisition and processing and the physical principles of image formation. Prerequisite: Department permission required.

RAD 255. CT Procedures, Protocols and Pathology Correlation. 2 Credits.

Emphasizes CT Protocol development, comparison of CT parameters, parameter tradeoffs, normal vs abnormal anatomy visualization and contrast media utilization. Prerequisite: Department permission required.

RAD 285. Imaging for Pathology. 1 Credit.

Compares the appearance of pathology using various imaging modalities such as CT, MRI, diagnostic radiography, and others. Covers variables of imaging exam selection according to pathology. All classes are designed for graduate technologists and senior medical imaging students. ARRT certification or department permission required.

RAD 290. Mammography I. 4 Credits.

Provides the means for a certified radiographer (A.R.R.T.) to learn the necessary knowledge and skills to become certified as an A.R.R.T. mammographer. This will enable the radiographer to understand the requirements and procedures for the new regulations in mammography.